How to greet someone

There are many ways to greet someone in Spanish, depending on the time of the day and the style that you choose. Here you can see the different greetings with their translation and an explanation for each one.

¡Hola!  -  Hello!  -  This greeting is the most usual. It is used to greet friends and family or in informal contexts.

Buenos días  -  Good morning  -  This greeting is used in the morning, before noon. It is used in formal and informal contexts.

Buenas tardes  -  Good afternoon  -  This greeting is used from 12:00 (noon) until the nightfall. It is used in formal and informal contexts.

Buenas noches  -  Good evening  -  This greeting is used at night. It is used in formal and informal contexts.


Now that you know the different greetings, I invite you to read a poem about a traveler that arrives to a prairie. In this poem, the traveler greets an orchard.


From the field

Oh, Prairie, happy day! Of the regal Buenos Aires
The fire and the heat remained there, far away; 
Today in your green triumph my dreams will have life,
I will breathe your breath, I will bathe in your sun. 

Very good morning, orchard. I greet the frehness
That spruts from the branches of your peach blossom; 
Formed by rosebushes your street of Florida
Looks at the Glory, the Bank and the Sport passing by. 

                                                       Rubén Darío


Here you can look at the glossary, where you can find the meanings of some of the words that appear in the poem:

campo: field

pradera: prairie, grassland

regio: regal

hervor: the effect of having boiled something

huerto: garden, orchard

brotar: (verb) sprout

rama: branch

durazno: peach


What is your opinion of this poem? Taking into account the greeting that was used, in which moment of the day did the traveler greet the orchard?