How to talk about nationalities and countries

If you want to ask someone about their country or place of origin, you can ask this question:

Where are you from?  -  ¿De dónde eres?

You can answer that question like this:

I am from Mexico.  -  Soy de México.

Maybe you want to ask someone about their nationality. Then you can ask this:

What is your nationality?  -  ¿Cuál es tu nacionalidad?

You can mention your nationality like this:

I am mexican.  -  Soy mexicano. / Soy mexicana.

Here you can find a list with the names in Spanish of some countries and some nationalities:

Argentina: Argentinian  -  Argentina: argentino / argentina

Australia: Australian  -  Australia: australiano / australiana

Belgium: Belgian  -  Bélgica: belga

Canada: Canadian  -  Canadá: canadiense

Chile: Chilean  -  Chile: chileno / chilena

China: Chinese  -  China: chino / china

Colombia: Colombian  -  Colombia: colombiano / colombiana

Cuba: Cuban  -  Cuba: cubano / cubana

Ecuador: Ecuadorian  -  Ecuador: ecuatoriano / ecuatoriana

Egypt: Egyptian  -  Egipto: egipcio / egipcia

England: English  -  Inglaterra: inglés / inglesa

France: French  -  Francia: francés / francesa

Germany: German  -  Alemania: alemán / alemana

India: Indian  -  India: indio / india  / hindú

Ireland: Irish  -  Irlanda: irlandés / irlandesa

Italy: Italian  -  Italia: italiano / italiana

Japan: Japanese  -  Japón: japonés

Nigeria: Nigerian  -  Nigeria: nigeriano / nigeriana

Peru : Peruvian  -  Perú: peruano / peruana

Russia: Russian  -  Rusia: ruso / rusa

Scotland: Scottish  -  Escocia: escocés / escocesa

South Africa : South African  -  Sudáfrica: sudafricano / sudafricana

Spain: Spanish  -  España: español /española

United States of American: American  -  Estados Unidos de América: estadounidense

Venezuela: Venezuelan  -  Venezuela: venezolano / venezolana

Wales: Welsh  -  Gales: galés / galesa


Now I invite you to read a poem about Byron, an English poet. This poem is about Byron's visit to Venice.


"Byron in Venice"

On the fragile illuminated wave
by the radiant sun, sails lightly
the golden gondola of the English bard
unfurling his flag in the air.

Standing at the stern; the front like Apollo's,
bathed in rays, the restless look
stretched out by the shining sea,
the immortal poet rows, triumphant.

From the chiseled viewpoints
the beautiful venetian virgins
fix their seductive eyes on him,
and they send him loving smiles.

And they dream at night, in love,
with the song of the sonorous bandolin,
about the tough fight of two swords
and the joyous clash of golden cups.

Manuel Reina


Now you can find a glossary with some words from the poem:

bandera: flag

popa: stern

mar: sea

sonrisa: smile

noche: night

espada: sword

copa: cup

oro: gold


What is your opinion about this poem? Do you think that people are curious about foreigners?